Information about cookies
Cookies are small pieces of data (letters and/or numbers) that enable a web server to store information on the client (the browser) to use again during the same visit to the website (session cookies) or another visit even days later (persistent cookies). Each browser stores cookies according to the user’s choice on the specific device used (computer, tablet, smartphone).
Similar technologies – e.g. web beacons, transparent graphic images and all the forms of local storage introduced by HTML5 – are used for collecting information about user behaviour and use of service.
In the rest of this document we will refer to cookies and similar technology by the term “cookies”.
Types of cookies
Cookies differ according to their characteristics and use
- Technical cookies. Technical cookies are those used only for “carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communications network, or insofar as this is strictly necessary to the provider of an information society service that has been explicitly requested by the contracting party or user to provide the said service.” (Section 122(1) of the Code). They are not used for further purposes and are usually installed directly by the data controller or the website manager. They can be grouped into browsing or session cookies, which allow users to navigate and use a website (e.g. to purchase items online or authenticate themselves to access certain sections); analytics cookies, which can be equated to technical cookies insofar as they are used directly by the website manager to collect aggregate information on the number of visitors and the pattern of visits to the website; functional cookies, which allow users to navigate as a function of certain pre-determined criteria such as language or products to be purchased so as to improve the quality of service.
Users’ prior consent is not necessary to install these cookies, whilst information under Section 13 of the code has to be provided in the manner considered to be most appropriate by the website manager – if only such cookies are relied upon.
- Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles. They are used to send ads messages in line with the preferences shown by the user during navigation. In the light of the highly invasive nature of these cookies vis-à-vis users’ private sphere, Italian and European legislation requires users to be informed appropriately on their use so as to give their valid consent. These cookies are referred to in Article 122(1) of the Code where it is provided that “Storing information, or accessing information that is already stored, in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user shall only be permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has given his consent after being informed in accordance with the simplified arrangements mentioned in section 13(3).” This website does not use profiling cookies.
While visiting this website you may receive cookies from the website itself (proprietary cookies) or from domains run by other organisations (third-party cookies). A significant example is the presence of “iframes”, “scripts” or “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google and LinkedIn. These are parts of a viewed page generated directly by the above-mentioned sites and set into the page of the host site. The most common use for social plugins is to share content on social networks.
This website includes some components transmitted by Google Analytics, a web traffic analytics service supplied by Google, Inc. (“Google”). These are third-party cookies autonomously collected and managed in order to monitor and improve the host site’s performance (performance cookies).
For more information, please see:
You can selectively disable Google Analytics by installing Google’s opt-out component on your browser. To disable Google Analytics’ activity, please see:
Cookie expiry time
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active until you close your browser or log out. Other cookies “persist” after the browser is closed and will be available when you visit that site in the future. These are called permanent or persistent cookies; the server sets their expiry at the time they are created. In some cases they exist for a set time, in other cases they do not have a time limit.
Use your browser settings to decide whether or not to accept cookies
Warning: if you disable technical cookies totally or partially, you may compromise your use of site functions reserved for registered users. However, you may continue to use public content even if you completely disable cookies. Disabling third-party cookies will not not compromise your browsing experience. Settings may be specifically defined for the various domains and web applications. Also, the leading browsers allow you to define different settings for proprietary and third-party cookies.
In Firefox, for example, through the Tools-> Options-> Privacy menu you access a control panel which offers you the choice of accepting or refusing the various kinds of cookies, and eliminating them.
Google Chrome: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=it
Mozilla Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/it/kb/Gestione%20dei%20cookie
Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/how-to-manage-cookies-in-internet-explorer-9